Trademarks by Class
Class 1 includes mainly chemical products used in industry, science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of products belonging to other trademark classes. Examples include compost, salt for preserving non-foodstuffs, and certain additives for the food industry.
Class 2 includes mainly paints, colorants and preparations used for the protection against corrosion. Examples include paints, industrial varnishes and lacquers, dyes for clothing, food and beverage colorants.
Class 3 includes mainly items designed for cleaning, deodorizing, and other sanitary products made primarily for use on or for humans.
Class 4 includes mainly industrial oils and greases, fuels and illuminants.
Class 5 includes mainly pharmaceuticals and other preparations for medical or veterinary purposes.
Class 6 includes mainly unwrought and partly wrought common metals as well as simple products made of them.
Class 7 includes mainly machines, machine tools, motors and engines.
Class 8 includes mainly hand-operated implements used as tools in the respective professions.
Class 9 consists mostly of instruments used for controlling vehicles (such as ships), scientific research, and all computer programs and software regardless of the recording media such as CD-ROMs, hard drives, downloads, etc.
Class 10 includes mainly medical apparatus, instruments and articles.
Class 11 is for lighting, heating, cooking, refrigeration, drying, ventilating, water supply, steam generating, and sanitary purposes. Examples include air conditioning, hot water bottles, bed warmers, blankets for non-medical purposes, and electric kettles.
Class 12 includes apparatus for locomotion by land, air, or water including motors, engines, couplings, and transmission components.
Class 13 includes mainly firearms and pyrotechnical products.
Class 14 includes mainly precious metals, goods in precious metals not included in other classes and, in general jewellery, clocks and watches.
Class 15 includes mechanical pianos, music boxes, and electronic muical instruments.
Class 16 includes mainly paper, goods made from that material and office requisites.
Class 17 includes mainly electrical, thermal and acoustic insulating materials and plastics, being for use in manufacture in the form of sheets, blocks and rods.
Class 18 includes mainly leather, leather imitations, travel goods not included in other classes and saddlery.
Class 19 includes mainly non-metallic building materials, wooden beams, planks and panels, building glass, etc..
Class 20 includes mainly furniture and its parts and plastic goods, not included in other classes.
Class 21 includes mainly small, hand-operated utensils and apparatus for household and kitchen use as well as toilet utensils, glassware and articles in porcelain.
Class 22 includes mainly rope and sail manufacture products, padding and stuffing materials and raw fibrous textile materials.
Class 24 includes mainly textiles (piece goods) and textile covers for household use.
Class 26 includes mainly dressmakers' articles.
Class 27 includes mainly products intended to be added as furnishings to previously constructed floors and walls.
Class 29 includes mainly foodstuffs of animal origin as well as vegetables and other horticultural comestible products which are prepared for consumption or conservation.
Class 30 includes mainly foodstuffs of plant origin prepared for consumption or conservation as well as auxiliaries intended for the improvement of the flavour of food.
Class 31 includes mainly land products not having been subjected to any form of preparation for consumption, live animals and plants as well as foodstuffs for animals.
Class 32 includes mainly non-alcoholic beverages, as well as beer.
Class 35 includes mainly services rendered by persons or organizations principally with the object of: 1. help in the working or management of a commercial undertaking, or 2. help in the management of the business affairs or commercial functions of an industrial or commercial enterprise, as well as services rendered by advertising establishments primarily undertaking communications to the public, declarations or announcements by all means of diffusion and concerning all kinds of goods or services.
Class 36 includes mainly services rendered in financial and monetary affairs and services rendered in relation to insurance contracts of all kinds.
Class 37 includes mainly services rendered by contractors or subcontractors in the construction or making of permanent buildings, as well as services rendered by persons or organizations engaged in the restoration of objects to their original condition or in their preservation without altering their physical or chemical properties.
Class 38 includes mainly services allowing at least one person to communicate with another by a sensory means. Such services include those which: 1. allow one person to talk to another, 2. transmit messages from one person to another, and 3. place a person in oral or visual communication with another (radio and television).
Class 39 includes mainly services for the transport of people, animals or goods from one place to another (by rail, road, water, air or pipeline) and services necessarily connected with such transport, as well as services relating to the storing of goods in a warehouse or other building for their preservation or guarding.
Class 40 includes mainly services not included in other classes, rendered by the mechanical or chemical processing or transformation of objects or inorganic or organic substances. For the purposes of classification, the mark is considered a service mark only in cases where processing or transformation is effected for the account of another person. A mark is considered a trade mark in all cases where the substance or object is marketed by the person who processed or transformed it.
Class 41 covers mainly services rendered by persons or institutions in the development of the mental faculties of persons or animals, as well as services intended to entertain or to engage the attention.
Class 42 includes mainly services provided by persons, individually or collectively, in relation to the theoretical and practical aspects of complex fields of activities; such services are provided by members of professions such as chemists, physicists, engineers, computer programmers, etc.
Class 43 includes mainly services provided by persons or establishments whose aim is to prepare food and drink for consumption and services provided to obtain bed and board in hotels, boarding houses or other establishments providing temporary accommodation.
Class 44 includes mainly medical care, hygienic and beauty care given by persons or establishments to human beings and animals; it also includes services relating to the fields of agriculture, horticulture and forestry.